The archipelago's largest island, Isabela, was formed approximately 1 million years ago by the merge of six young volcanoes: Alcedo, Cerro Azul, Darwin, Chico Volcano, Sierra Negra, and Wolf. This makes the island of Isabela one of the most volcanically active places on earth.
The Galapagos Marine Reserve is one of the largest and most biologically diverse marine protected areas in the world. It covers 133,000 square kilometers (51,352 square miles), surrounding the Galapagos Islands in the eastern Pacific Ocean, about 1,000 kilometers (600 miles) off Ecuador’s coast.
Birdwatchers come from all over the world to visit the Galapagos Islands, where there are hundreds of bird species to be seen. Many of them are endemic, so the Galapagos is the only place in the world to see them!
There are 21 volcanoes in the Galapagos Islands that emerge from the ocean and from the Archipelago. Of these, 13 volcanoes are active!
Charles Darwin, born on February 12th, 1809, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England - died on April 19th, 1882, Downe, Kent, English naturalist whose scientific theory of evolution by natural selection became the foundation of modern evolutionary studies.
Galapagos Islands are well known for their extraordinary diversity of flora and fauna, while the actual formation of the Galapagos hasn’t been overlooked until recently. The creation of the Enchanted Islands is one of the most unique processes on Earth, yet it is still a mystery that scientists are trying to solve.